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It comes from the species Rhizopus stolonifer, and it is one of the most common molds on bread. You may have experienced black mold on bread. Niche. It is of the phylum Zygomycota of the Kingdom Fungi. Zygospores are fungal seeds that are made from sexual reproduction, a notable feature of bread mold's group, the Zygomycota. ii. Diagram the life cycle of Rhizopus c. Determine the ploidy of the following Rhizopus structures: i. Mycelium hyphae. Rhizopus, or bread mold, has branching life cycles depending on whether it was produced sexually or asexually. Several species, including Rhizopus stolonifer (the common bread mold), have industrial importance, and a number are … Division: Zygomycota. It is also referred as R. stolonifer. Rhizopus stolonifer is also known as black bread mold. What is it? 2. Although black bread molds are probably the best-known members of Phylum Zygomycota, they are not the only fungi that grow on bread.So many organisms can, in fact, contribute to bread spoilage that nearly all commercially baked goods have, in the past, had chemicals such as calcium propionate added to the dough to prevent or retard the growth of such organisms. on the right is a photo of the mold. (credit b: modification of work by “polandeze”/Flickr) Ascomycota: The Sac Fungi. b. This species of mold can also grow on fruits which cause the fruits to rot. Black bread mold Scientific classification; Kingdom: Fungi. The (b) tips of bread mold are the spore-containing sporangia. It grows and reproduces the same way that most molds do. Label the following on the figure below: hyphae, zygosporangium w/zygospores, suspensor cells, ploidy. R. stolonifer, commonly known as black bread mold, is a saprophytic zygomycete that feeds on bread, jams, pickles, cheese, and other moist food. The scientific name for black bread mold is Rhizopus stolonifer. The other kind of spores is called sporangiospores. Black mold lives by dissolving the bread and absorb the nutrition. Black bread mold is also called ergot. ... Phylum-Zygomycota Class- Zygomycetes Order- Mucorales Family- Mucoraceae Genus-Rhizopus Species-stolonifer. a. Classify to phylum. This mold is a common type of fungus which tends to grow on bread. Also known as black bread mold. Genus: Rhizopus. Observe black bread mold, Rhizopus, (sexual or with zygospores). Rhizopus, cosmopolitan genus of some 10 species of filamentous fungi in the family Rhizopodaceae (formerly Mucoraceae), in the order Mucorales. Mycelium is differen­tiated into nodes and internodes. Black bread mold Introduction[8] Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Zygomycota Class: Zygomycetes Order: Mucorales Family: Mucoraceae Genus: Rhizopus Species: R. stolonifer. In asexual reproduction, the mold makes spores inside a sporangium. Zygomycota: The Conjugated Fungi. It uses nutrients in the bread for its growth, and can reproduce by asexual or sexual reproduction method. Rhizopus stolonifer: morphology and reproduction of black bread mold. The majority of known fungi belong to the Phylum Ascomycota, which is characterized by the formation of an ascus (plural, asci), a sac-like structure that contains haploid ascospores. Thallus is white cottony, much branched mycelium. This mold gets its nutrients by using enzymes to extract the nutrients from the site it resides on. Before learning the specifics, click here to view how Rhizopus stolonifer, as a member of the phylum Zygomycota, compares to other phylum within the kingdom of Fungi. The surrounding condition in which the mold resides, is the factor that causes either type of reproduction by the mold. Among other mold species, black mold has the fastest growth. The Black bread mold, Rhizopus stolonifer, is a common type of fungus. 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